• Visit Hanoi One Pillar Pagoda: the most unique temple in Vietnam

    One Pillar Pagoda of Hanoi was voted by the Asian Record Foundation as one of the most unique temples in Asia. Along with "Khue Van Cac", this is also a long-standing historical and cultural relic, a symbol of the capital thousand years of civilization. With a special feature in its structure along with its humanistic and historical values, the temple has become an indispensable destination in the tourist handbook of Buddhist followers when traveling to Hanoi . Coming here, you will not only admire this impressive masterpiece but also relax in a peaceful setting under the green foliage and explore many fascinating landmarks around.
    Hanoi One Pillar Pagoda is called by many different names such as Chua Mat, Dien Huu Tu, and Lien Hoa Dai (due to its shape looking like a lotus flower spreading in full bloom in the middle of a lake). This temple was built in the reign of King Ly Thai Tong, and since then has become a special symbol every time the name of Hanoi Capital is mentioned.

    Under King Ly, One Pillar Pagoda was located on Thanh Bao village, Quang Duc district, to the west of Thang Long citadel. Today, the pagoda is located in the park behind Ong Ich Khiem street, right next to Ba Dinh Square - Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi City.

    Not just an ordinary temple, One Pillar Pagoda is meant to represent the lotus that King Thai Ton once dreamed was given by the Buddha. This is also the place chosen by the king to worship each full moon and the first month of every month, to pray for national peace.

    Legend has it that King Ly Thai Ton is a follower of Buddhism and the Vo Ngon Thong sect. At that time, Buddhism was developing, this dynasty alone built up to 95 new temples, and restored all the Buddha statues. In particular, on major Buddhist festivals, the king also exempts taxes from all citizens across the country.

    One night (in 1049), Ly Thai Ton dreamed of the Buddha giving a shining lotus throne. After waking up, he reported to the court priests. After that, the person with Zen monk Thuyen La - who instructed the king to build a temple to remember the virtue of Quan Am, is the One Pillar Pagoda of Hanoi today.

    In 1049, One Pillar Pagoda was built by King Ly Thai Tong, in the reign of King Ly Nhan Tong, it was renovated, adding Linh Chieu lake to the complex and decorated with a gold-plated lotus tower on the top of the column. Hidden in the lotus is a temple painted purple with the image of a god bird carved on the roof, inside there is a gilded statue of Quan The Am.

    Over the years with many restoration and restoration times during the Tran, Hau Le, and Nguyen dynasties. In 1954, before the French withdrew from Hanoi, explosives were placed to destroy the pagoda. In 1955, the Ministry of Culture allowed it to be reused according to the design of a famous architect - Nguyen Ba Lang, but the scale was only encapsulated in a small temple.
    What is special about One Pillar Pagoda of Hanoi?

    One Pillar Pagoda of Hanoi is not like any Buddhist tower, and although not large, it is full of humanistic philosophy. Its beauty is both ancient majesty and elegant and gentle style of Buddhism. The pagoda is square, made entirely of wood, roofed with tiles, each side is 3m, on a stone pillar 1.2 m in diameter, 4 m high (not including the submerged part) - the most unique feature of the temple. The upper body has eight wooden wings that look like a blooming lotus. The roof of the pagoda has a fiery moon face, and the dragon's head is adoring the moon.
    Tam Quan Gate, One Pillar Pagoda

    According to Hanoi tourism experience , when visiting One Pillar Pagoda you have to go through Tam Quan Gate. In fact, this is a new expansion project that has been built in the past few years to serve the needs of people to visit and worship on holidays and Tet. Tam Quan Gate consists of two floors with three aisles, the larger middle door is the main entrance. At first glance, it looks like the architecture of traditional Vietnamese temples and shrines.



    From the courtyard to Lien Hoa Dai temple to chant and worship, visitors must step through 13 steps with a width of about 1.4 m. These terraces were built in the Ly dynasty, so they still retain the ancient look of the architectural style at that time. In addition, the two sides are brick walls, there are also steles to introduce the history of the temple.

    The altar of Bodhisattva Guan Yin is located at the center of Lien Hoa Dai, the statue sits at the highest position, on a wooden lotus painted with golden vermilion, surrounded by vase, bronze pot and furniture. 

    Not only is it one of the 25 most famous temples in Hanoi, One Pillar Pagoda is also a testament to many historical events as well as diplomatic relations between Vietnam and other countries. If you visit the temple, you will see in the precinct there is a large bodhi tree, this is a gift personally given by President of India to President Ho Chi Minh during a visit (in February 1958). Bodhi tree - where Shakyamuni cultivates fruitfulness. Around the pagoda, there are many shade perennials that add to the tranquility and fanciful look.

    Due to being located in the complex of Ba Dinh Square and Uncle Ho's Mausoleum, the opening hours of Hanoi One Pillar Pagoda depend on this point. Accordingly, to visit this unique temple, visitors can go in the time frame from 7:00 am to 6:00 pm. In particular, the duration of the tour will be from 1-3 hours.

    As for the ticket price, if you are a Vietnamese citizen when visiting, the pilgrimage will be free entrance ticket. Particularly for foreign tourists, the fee will be 25,000 VND / visit.

    There are many ways to get to One Pillar Pagoda, you can go by car, motorbike or bus. Some bus routes support to reach the pagoda such as bus lines 09, 16, 22, 34. In the case of self-moving, you go north to the City Post Office, where you choose the first way at the roundabout. to enter Dinh Tien Hoang street. Continue to turn left at DC Gallery to enter Hang Gai, pass Hang Bong you will see Authentic Battrang - Ceramic shop. After that, go straight to Xoi Cam street, turn to Dien Bien Phu street. The road cuts through Hung Vuong and Ong Ich Khiem, next to it is the point you want to go to.

    Traveling to Hanoi One Pillar Pagoda you do not need to worry about what to eat, because this place is located in the inner city, only a few kilometers from the central streets, so there are many places to eat around. Visitors can explore night market cuisine at Walking Street, Nhat Bang - Vietnamese restaurants on Cao Ba Quat, Le Hong Phong, ... with countless delicious dishes from salty foods to ice cream, coffee, cakes. , ...

    It can be seen that there are many large religious architectural complexes nationwide, but One Pillar Pagoda is always a familiar destination that visitors to Hanoi will not forget to visit. As for the people of the capital, this is a quiet place to relieve everyday worries.

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